The model rules have been used by 40 states to create official guidelines for professional conduct; 11 states or jurisdictions, including Washington, D.
C., and the Virgin Islands, have continued to base their ethical codes on the earlier model code.
California has developed its own rules of professional conduct.
Behavior by an attorney that conflicts with established rules of professional conduct and is punishable by disciplinary measures.
More than any other profession, the legal profession is self-governing.