Swaziland is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.
The Swazi population faces major health issues: HIV/AIDS and, to a lesser extent, tuberculosis are serious challenges.
Artifacts indicating human activity dating back to the early Stone Age, around 200,000 years ago, have been found in the Kingdom of Swaziland. 25,000 BC and continuing up to the 19th century can be found in various places around the country.
It is neighboured by Mozambique to its east and by South Africa to its north, west and south.
The country and its people take their names from Mswati II, the 19th-century king under whose rule Swazi territory was expanded and unified.