The aim of this exploratory study was to examine diabetes online health communities (OHCs) available to adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D).
Enhancing guidance-related features and structure to existing OHCs could provide greater opportunity for effective diabetes self-management support.
To support clinical recommendations, more research is needed to quantitatively relate features and participation in OHCs to patient outcomes.
Diabetes self-management is a critical predictor of glycemic control (Hood, Peterson, Rohan, & Drotar, 2009).
Self-management of type 1 diabetes (T1D) requires adherence to an intensive daily regimen that minimally includes monitoring blood glucose levels, estimating nutritional intake, and dosing insulin multiple times per day.
These tasks typically take place around exercise, meals, and snacks and are difficult to maintain, with the majority of patients not meeting the recommended goal of a glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A1C) test value below 7.5% (Svoren et al., 2007; Wood et al., 2013).